eponym, eponymous
1. An eponym is a person after whom something is named, such as a building, an institution, an organization, a machine, a product, or a process. Examples include: Alzheimer's disease, from Alois Alzheimer, 1864–1915, German neurologist; Braille, from Louis Braille, 1809–52, French inventor; buckminsterfullerene, from the American designer and architect Richard Buckminster Fuller; diesel, from Rudolf Diesel, 1858–1913, German engineer; mackintosh, from Charles Macintosh, 1766–1843 (with a change of spelling); Morse code, from S. F. B. Morse, 1791–1872, American inventor; sandwich, from the 4th Earl of Sandwich, 1718–92.
2. The adjective eponymous is used in the following way: Beowulf is the eponymous hero of the Old English poem of that name; Emma is the eponymous heroine of the novel Emma by Jane Austen; and Robinson Crusoe is the eponymous hero of The Life and Strange and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.

Modern English usage. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eponym — („Namen gebend“, von griech. ἐπώνυμος) steht für: in der Altertumswissenschaft eine mythische Gestalt (oder eine historische Person), von deren Name der Name eines Volkes, einer Stadt, einer Menschengruppe oder eines geographischen Objektes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eponym — Ep o*nym, Eponyme Ep o*nyme, n. [Cf. F. [ e]ponyme. See {Eponymous}.] 1. The hypothetical individual who is assumed as the person from whom any race, city, etc., took its name; as, Hellen is an eponym of the Hellenes. [1913 Webster] 2. A name, as …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • eponym — [ep′ə nim΄] n. [< Gr epōnymos, eponymous < epi , upon + onyma, NAME] 1. a real or mythical person from whose name the name of a nation, institution, etc. is derived [William Penn is the eponym of Pennsylvania] 2. a person whose name has… …   English World dictionary

  • eponym — eponym. См. эпоним. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Eponym — Eponȳm (Eponўmos, grch.), Namen gebend; bei den alten Griechen Bezeichnung der jährlich wechselnden höchsten Staatsbehörde, nach welcher das Jahr genannt wurde, so in Athen des ersten Archon, in Sparta des ersten Ephoros, in Theben des ersten… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • eponym — index call (title) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • eponym — one whose name becomes that of a place, a people, an era, an institution, etc., 1846, from Gk. eponymos given as a name, giving one s name to something, from epi “upon” (see EPI (Cf. epi )) + onyma, Aeolic dial. variant of onoma name (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • eponym — ► NOUN 1) a word or name derived from the name of a person. 2) a person after whom a discovery, invention, place, etc. is named …   English terms dictionary

  • Eponym — An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, which has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, era, discovery, or other item. An eponymous person is the person referred to by the eponym. In… …   Wikipedia

  • eponym — eponymic, adj. /ep euh nim/, n. 1. a person, real or imaginary, from whom something, as a tribe, nation, or place, takes or is said to take its name: Brut, the supposed grandson of Aeneas, is the eponym of the Britons. 2. a word based on or… …   Universalium

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